Volume 7, Issue 1 | Spring 2008

garv_frntCléo de Mérode's Postcard Stardom
by Michael Garval
At the height of her renown, Belle Époque dancer Cléo de Mérode was arguably the most photographed woman in the world. Reproduced on postcards, her portraits traveled around the globe. Through this postcard stardom, Mérode pioneered a brand of celebrity that prefigured that of Hollywood stars in the decades ahead.


Nicholson | Lochaber No More
Lochaber No More: Landscape, Emigration and the Scottish Artist, 1849-1895
by Robin Nicholson
Widespread emigration from the Scottish Highlands in the nineteenth century offered subject matter not only to genre painters but also to landscapists, who found inspiration in the desolate depopulated landscape. This article examines the works of four artists who engaged with this subject and, in so doing, became part of a larger phenomenon of cultural self-invention that characterized Scotland in the Victorian age.

alla_frntInterrogating Gustave Moreau's Sphinx: Myth as Artistic Metaphor at the 1864 Salon
by Scott C. Allan
This essay offers a close reading of Gustave Moreau's Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864), informed by the artist’s statements and contemporary criticism. While traditionally the painting has been read as an allegory of spirit vs. matter, the author demonstrates that its significance may be more complex and that the sphinx may be seen as an archetypal figure for the very poetic and pictorial ideals that held the artist in thrall.

webs_frntPierre-Charles L'Enfant and the Iconography of Independence
by Sally Webster
The French architect Pierre-Charles L'Enfant, best known for his plan for Washington, D.C., also produced several important decorative works in the 1780s. Focusing on these works, the author explores L'Enfant's invention of an iconography that signified the establishment of a new nation and its revolutionary claim of independence.

gree_frntReflections of Desire: Masculinity and Fantasy in the Fin-de-Siècle Luxury Brothel
by Gina Greene
This article examines the iconography of eroticism that informed the design of Parisian brothel interiors in the late nineteenth century.

newd_mort_frnt Théodore Rousseau's Forest of Fontainebleau
by Mary G. Morton
Terra Foundation Fellowships in American Art
at the Smithsonian American Art Museum
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