Volume 2, Issue 2 | Spring 2003
NCAW special issue: The Darwin Effect


The Darwin Effect: Introduction
by Linda Nochlin

Darwin's influence on nineteenth-century visual culture is nothing if not diverse, cropping up in a variety of unexpected places—from moody seascapes to representations of the horse.


Life Drawing from Ape to Human: Charles Darwin's Theories of Evolution and William Rimmer's Art Anatomy
by Elliot Bostwick Davis

Williams Rimmer's illustrations for his drawing book, Art Anatomy (1877), document the impact of Darwin's theories of evolution and expression of emotion in man on the practice of life drawing.


Evolution and Degeneration in the Early Work of Odilon Redon
by Barbara Larson

A look at the central role of Darwin in Redon's references to evolution and degeneration.


Progress and Evolution at the U.S. World's Fairs, 1893–1915
by Michael Leja

The so-called "progress of man" was represented and celebrated at the classicizing world's fairs that flourished in the United States between 1893 and 1915.


Reading the Animal in Degas's Young Spartans
by Martha Lucy

Degas's unusual revision to the classicizing "Young Spartans" marks an important moment in his negotiation of the modern body.


"Impulses and Desires": Klinger's Darwinism in Nature and Society
by Marsha Morton

The graphic art of Max Klinger reveals themes of sexuality, mankind's links with his animal and human progenitors, and manifestations of violence and domination in contemporary society.


Haunted Supermasculinity: Strength and Death in Carl Rungius's Wary Game
by Alexander Nemerov

In "Wary Game," Carl Rungius's 1908 painting of six dall rams, what is strong is always weak, what is fertile is always barren, and what is alive is always dead. "Wary Game" shows that there is more to some animal painting than may first meet the eye.


On Women and Ambivalence in the Evolutionary Topos
by Kathleen Pyne

The twin poles of evolutionary discourse, of humankind as developing toward a spiritual culmination or devolving into a lower order, can be collapsed into the ambivalent image of a woman.

Terra Foundation Fellowships in American Art
at the Smithsonian American Art Museum
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